Research - Werther Effect

Research on harmful effects of media portrayals about suicide.

Research on harmful media effects, i.e. increases in suicides after the sensationalist or repetitive reporting about specific celebrity or non-celebrity suicides has made considerable advances in recent years, with many contributions from the Wiener Werkstaette. In particular, a high-quality meta-analysis on the associations of celebrity suicide reporting on suicide suggested a 13% increase in suicides in the aftermath of the reporting. Important novel evidence on the effects of suicide in entertainment media has emerged as well. As to mechanisms involved, it appears that both the media portrayals, as well as audience characteristics have an influence on the specific impact of any given media portrayal. Importantly, harmful effects from the reporting about specific suicide cases can be mitigated by following media guidelines for the reporting on suicide. The implementation of these recommendations has improved the quality of media reporting in Austria and elsewhere around the globe, and has also contributed to a reduction in suicides since the late 1980ies in Austria.

Related Publications

Arendt F, Markiewitz A, Scherr S. (2023). News for life: Improving the quality of journalistic news reporting to prevent suicides. Journal of Communication, 73(1), 73-85. 10.1093/joc/jqac039.
Arendt F, Mestas M. (2023). Suicide among soldiers and social contagion effects: An interrupted time-series analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 320, 115747. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2023.115747.
Arendt F, Till B, Voracek M, Kirchner S, Sonneck G, Naderer B, Pürcher P, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2023). ChatGPT, artificial intelligence, and suicide prevention: A call for a targeted and concerted research effort. Crisis 44(5):367-370. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000915.
Mestas M, Arendt F. (2023). A longitudinal dynamic perspective on quality in journalism: Investigating the long-term macro-level media effect of suicide reporting on suicide rates across a century. Communication Research. Advance Online Publication. 10.1177/00936502221150315.
Arendt F, Markiewitz A, Scherr S. (2022). News for life: Improving the quality of journalistic news reporting to prevent suicides. Journal of Communication. Advance online publication.
Arendt F, Mestas M. (2022). Celebrity suicide of a pre-world war I spy: Colonel Redl and the Werther effect. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 43(2), 112-118.
Law PCF, San Too L, Hill NTM, Robinson J, Gould M, Occhipinti JA, Spittal MJ, Witt K, Sinyor M, Till B, Osgood N, Prodan A, Zahan R, Pirkis J. (2022). A pilot case-control study of the social media activity following cluster and non-cluster suicides in Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(1), 343. 10.3390/ijerph19010343.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Laido Z, Gould M, Lake AM, Sinyor M, Kirchner S, Brain M, Chowdhury S, Gonzalez F, Draper J, Murphy S, Till B. (2022). Associations of suicide-related media reporting characteristics with help-seeking and suicide in Oregon and Washington. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 00048674221146474. Online ahead of print. 10.1177/00048674221146474.
Scherr S, Arendt F, Haim M. (2022). Algorithms without frontiers? How language-based algorithmic information disparities for suicide crisis information sustain digital divides over time in 17 countries. Information, Communication and Society. Online ahead of print.
Sinyor M, Hartman M, Zaheer R, Williams M, Pirkis J, Heisel MJ, Schaffer A, Redelmeier D, Cheung A, Kiss A, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2022). Differences in Suicide-Related Twitter Content According to User Influence. Crisis. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000865.
Sinyor M, Roberts L, Spittal MJ, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2022). Suicide and resilience related Google searches during the first 12 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Affective Disorders. 303:203-205. 10.1016/j.jad.2022.02.021.
Arendt F. (2021). Assessing responsible reporting on suicide in the nineteenth century: Evidence for a high quantity of low-quality news. Death Studies, 45(4), 305-312.
Arendt F, Markiewitz A, Scherr S. (2021). Investigating suicide-related subliminal messages on Instagram: A frame-by-frame analysis of video posts. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention,42(4), 263–269.
Arendt F, Mestas M. (2021). Celebrity suicide of a pre-World War I spy: Colonel Redl and the Werther effect. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. Advance Online Publication. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000762.
Armstrong G, Haregu T, Arya V, Vijayakumar L, Sinyor M, Niederkrotenthaler T, Spittal MJ. (2021). Suicide-related Internet search queries in India following media reports of a celebrity suicide: an interrupted time series analysis. World Psychiatry, 20(1), 143–144. 10.1002/wps.20832.
Côté D, Williams M, Zaheer R, Niederkrotenthaler T, Schaffer A, Sinyor M. (2021). Suicide-related Twitter Content in Response to a National Mental Health Awareness Campaign and the Association between the Campaign and Suicide Rates in Ontario: Le contenu Lié au Suicide Sur Twitter en Réponse à Une Campagne Nationale de Sensibilisation à la Santé Mentale et à L’association Entre la Campagne et le Taux de Suicide en Ontario. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 706743720982428. 10.1177/0706743720982428.
Grosselli L, Herzog K, Aseltine RH, Balazs J, Carli V, Ciffone J, [...], Niederkrotenthaler T, [...], Knapp S. (2021). Dos and Don’ts in Designing School-based Awareness Programs for Suicide Prevention: Results of a Three-stage Delphi Survey. Crisis (in press). 10.1027/0227-5910/a000783.
Knipe D, Hawton K, Sinyor M, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2021). Researchers must contribute to responsible reporting of suicide. In BMJ (Clinical research ed.) (Vol. 372, p. n351). 10.1136/bmj.n351.
Markiewitz A, Arendt F, Scherr S. (2021). Verantwortungsvolle Berichterstattung über Suizide: Forschungsüberblick und Empfehlungen für die journalistische Praxis. Medien Journal, 44(3), 50-68. 10.24989/medienjournal.v44i3.1804.
Mestas M, Arendt F. (2021). Celebrity suicide and forced responsible reporting in the nineteenth century: Crown Prince Rudolf and the absence of a Werther Effect. Health Communication. Advance Online Publication
Metzler H, Baginski H, Niederkrotenthaler T, Garcia D. (2021). Detecting Potentially Harmful and Protective Suicide-related Content on Twitter: A Machine Learning Approach. ArXiv:2112.04796 [Cs].
Niederkrotenthaler T, Baumgartner J, Kautzky A, Fellinger M, Jahn R, Wippel A, Koch M, König-Castillo D, Höflich A, Slamanig R, Topitz A, Wancata J, Till B. (2021). Effects of media stories featuring coping with suicidal crises on psychiatric patients: Randomized controlled trial. Eur Psychiatry. 64(1):e70. 10.1192/j.eurpsy.2021.2244.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Kirchner S, Till B, Sinyor M, Tran US, Pirkis J, Spittal MJ. (2021). Systematic review and meta-analyses of suicidal outcomes following fictional portrayals of suicide and suicide attempt in entertainment media. EClinicalMedicine, 36, 100922. 10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100922.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Tran US, Gould M, Sinyor M, Sumner S, Strauss MJ, Voracek M, Till B, Murphy S, Gonzalez F, Spittal MJ, Draper J. (2021). Association of Logic’s Hip Hop Song 1-800-273-8255 with Lifeline Calls and Suicides in the United States: Interrupted Time-Series Analysis. BMJ 375:e067726. 10.1136/bmj-2021-067726.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Westerlund M. (2021). The role of mass media in suicide prevention. In book: Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention (Ed: Wasserman D). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/med/9780198834441.003.0075.
Scherr S, Arendt F, Prieler M, Ju Y. (2021). Investigating the negative-cognitive-triad-hypothesis of news choice in Germany and South Korea: Does depression predict selective exposure to negative news? The Social Science Journal. 10.1080/03623319.2020.1859817.
Sinyor M, Williams M, Zaheer R, Loureiro R, Pirkis J, Heisel MJ, Schaffer A, Cheung AH, Redelmeier DA, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2021). The relationship between suicide-related Twitter events and suicides in Ontario from 2015 to 2016. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 42(1), 40–47. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000684.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2021). Medieneinflüsse auf suizidales Erleben und Verhalten [Media effects on suicidal experience and behavior]. In Teismann T, Forkmann T, Glaesmer H (eds.), Suizidales Erleben und Verhalten. Cologne, Germany: Psychiatrie-Verlag.
Arafat SMY, Khan MM, Niederkrotenthaler T, Ueda M, Armstrong G. (2020). Assessing the Quality of Media Reporting of Suicide Deaths in Bangladesh Against World Health Organization Guidelines. Crisis, 41(1), 47–53. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000603.
Arendt F. (2020). The press and suicides in the nineteenth century: Investigating possible imitative effects in five territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 81, 424-435.
Arendt F, Haim M, Scherr S. (2020). Investigating Google’s suicide-prevention efforts in celebrity suicides using agent-based testing: A cross-national study in four European countries. Social Science & Medicine. Advance Online Publication
Arendt F, Markiewitz A, Scherr S. (2020). Investigating suicide-related subliminal messages on Instagram: A frame-by-frame analysis of video posts. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. Advance Online Publication
Laido Z, Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). Short-term effects of media reports on terrorism that are consistent vs. not consistent with media recommendations on mass shootings: A randomized controlled trial. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 50(5), 948-962. 10.1111/sltb.12636.
Markiewitz A, Arendt F, Scherr S. (2020). #suizid. Zur Darstellung von Suizid in sozialen Netzwerken und den möglichen Auswirkungen auf Jugendliche. KJug, 65, 19-25.
Markiewitz A, Arendt F, Scherr S. (2020). Increasing adherence to media guidelines on responsible reporting on suicide: Suggestions from qualitative interviews with German journalists. Journalism Studies, 21, 494-511.
Markiewitz A, Arendt F, Scherr S. (2020). Problematische Suizid- und Selbstverletzungsdarstellungen auf Instagram: Inhaltsanalytische Evidenz und aktuelle Entwicklungen. In: A. Kalch & A. Wagner (Hrsg.), Gesundheitskommunikation und Digitalisierung: Zwischen Lifestyle, Prävention und Krankheitsversorgung. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Schacherl R, Till B. (2020). Communication about suicide in YouTube videos: Content analysis of German-language videos retrieved with method-and help-related search terms. Psychiatry Research, 290, 113170. 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113170.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Sinyor M, Till B. (2020). Response to: Ignoring data delays our reaction to emerging public health tragedies like „13 Reasons Why“. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(1), 103. (letter). 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.2758.
Reidenberg D, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). Reporting on suicide during the covid-19 pandemic. Available at:
Reidenberg D, Niederkrotenthaler T, Sinyor M, Bridge JA, Till B. (2020). 13 Reasons Why: The evidence is in and cannot be ignored. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 59(9), 1016-1018. 10.1016/j.jaac.2020.01.019.
Sinyor M, Kiss A, Williams M, Zaheer R, Pirkis J, Heisel MJ, Schaffer A, Redelmeier DA, Cheung AH, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). Changes in Suicide Reporting Quality and Deaths in Ontario Following Publication of National Media Guidelines. Crisis, 1–8. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000737.
Sinyor M, Niederkrotenthaler T, Pirkis J. (2020). Suicide_. In The New England journal of medicine (Vol. 382, Issue 21, p. e66). 10.1056/NEJMc2002190.
Sinyor M, Spittal MJ, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). Changes in Suicide and Resilience-related Google Searches during the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Can J Psychiatry, 65(10), 741–743. 10.1177/0706743720933426.
Sinyor M, Tran US, Garcia D, Till B, Voracek M, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). Suicide mortality in the United States following the suicides of Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain_. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. Advance online publication. 10.1177/0004867420976844.
Sinyor M, Williams M, Zaheer R, Loureiro R, Pirkis J, Heisel MJ, Schaffer A, Redelmeier DA, Cheung AH, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). The association between Twitter content and suicide. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 4867420969805. 10.1177/0004867420969805.
Till B, Braun M, Gahbauer S, Reisinger N, Schwenzner E, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2020). Content analysis of suicide-related online portrayals: changes in contents retrieved with search engines in the United States and Austria from 2013 to 2018. Journal of Affective Disorders, 271, 300-309. 10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.063.
Arendt F. (2019). Assessing responsible reporting on suicide in the nineteenth century: Evidence for a high quantity of low-quality news. Death Studies. Advance Online Publication.
Arendt F. (2019). Suicide on Instagram: Content analysis of a German suicide-related hashtag. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 40, 36-41.
Arendt F, Romer D. (2019). Problems posed by the Werther effect as a “net effect”: A comment on recent scholarly work on the effects of “13 Reasons Why”. British Journal of Psychiatry. Advance Online Publication.
Arendt F, Scherr S, Pasek J, Jamieson P, Romer D. (2019). Investigating harmful and helpful effects of watching season 2 of 13 Reasons Why: Results of a two-wave U.S. panel survey. Social Science & Medicine, 232, 489-498.
Arendt F, Scherr S, Romer D. (2019). Effects of exposure to self-harm on social media: Evidence from a two-wave panel study among young adults. New Media & Society, 21, 2422-2442.
Armstrong G, Vijayakumar L, Pirkis J, Jayaseelan M, Cherian A, Brandt Sørensen J, Arya V, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Mass media representation of suicide in a high suicide state in India: an epidemiological comparison with suicide deaths in the population. BMJ Open 2019;9:e030836. 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030836.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Stack S, Till B, Sinyor M, Pirkis J, Garcia D, Rockett IRH, Tran US. (2019). Association of increased youth suicides in the United States with the release of 13 Reasons Why. JAMA Psychiatry, 76(9), 933-940. 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0922.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2019). „Tote Mädchen lügen nicht“: Studienergebnisse zeigen Anstieg an Suiziden unter Jugendlichen in den Vereinigten Staaten [„13 Reasons Why“: Study results show an increase in suicides among adolescents in the United States]. Suizidprophylaxe, 46(3), 112-113.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2019). Suicide and the media: From Werther to Papageno effects – A selective literature review. Suicidologi, 24(2), 4-12.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2019). Tote Mädchen lügen nicht [13 Reasons Why]. CliniCum neuropsy, 4, 20.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2019). Types of stressors on non-professional against-suicide and pro-suicide message boards: content analysis. Crisis – The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 40(4), 257-264. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000562.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B, Garcia D. (2019). Celebrity suicide on Twitter: Activity, content and network analysis related to the death of Swedish DJ Tim Bergling alias Avicii. Journal of Affective Disorders, 245, 848-855. 10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.071.
Scherr S, Markiewitz A, Arendt F. (2019). Effectiveness of a workshop intervention on responsible reporting on suicide among Swiss media professionals. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 40, 446-450
Sinyor M, Williams M, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Media depictions of possible suicide contagion among celebrities: A cause for concern and potential opportunities for prevention. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 53(8), 735–738. 10.1177/0004867419846390.
Sinyor M, Williams M, Tran US, Schaffer A, Kurdyak P, Pirkis J, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Suicides in young people in Ontario following the release of ‘13 Reasons Why’. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 64(11), 798-804. 10.1177/0706743719870507.
Till B, Fraissler M, Voracek M, Tran US, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Associations between suicide risk factors and favorite songs: Content analysis and cross-sectional study. Crisis – The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 40(1), 7-14. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000523.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Medien und Suizid: Der aktuelle Forschungsstand zum Werther- und Papageno-Effekt – Eine Übersichtsarbeit [Media and Suicide: Current State of Research on Werther and Papageno effect – A Literature Review]. Psychotherapie Forum, 23(3-4), 120-128. 10.1007/s00729-019-00125-1.
Till B, Vesely C, Mairhofer D, Braun M, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Reports of adolescent psychiatric outpatients on the impact of the TV series ’13 Reasons Why’: A qualitative study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64, 414-415. (letter). 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.11.021.
Van den Nest M, Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2019). Comparing indicators of suicidality among users in different types of nonprofessional suicide message boards – a linguistic analysis. Crisis – The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 40(2), 125-133. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000540.
Arendt F. (2018). Framing suicide: Investigating the news media and public’s use of the problematic suicide referents Freitod and Selbstmord in German-speaking countries. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 39, 70-73.
Arendt F. (2018). Reporting on suicide between 1819 and 1944: Suicide rates, the press, and possible long-term Werther effects in Austria. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 39, 344-352.
Arendt F. (2018). Suicide rates and information seeking via search engines: A cross-national correlational approach. Death Studies, 42, 508-512.
Arendt F, Scherr S, Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2018). The role of language in suicide reporting: Investigating the influence of problematic suicide referents. Social Science & Medicine, 208, 165-171. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.02.008.
Armstrong G, Vijayakumar L, Niederkrotenthaler T, Jayaseelan M, Kannan R, Pirkis J, Jorm AF. (2018). Assessing the quality of media reporting of suicide news in India against World Health Organization guidelines: A content analysis study of nine major newspapers in. Journals.Sagepub.Com, 52(9), 856–863. 10.1177/0004867418772343.
Sinyor M, Schaffer A, Nishikawa Y, Redelmeier DA, Niederkrotenthaler T, Sareen J, Levitt AJ, Kiss A, Pirkis J. (2018). The association between suicide deaths and putatively harmful and protective factors in media reports. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal de l’Association Medicale Canadienne, 190(30), E900–E907. 10.1503/cmaj.170698.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2018). Werther- und Papageno-Effekt durch Suiziddarstellungen im Internet – Suizidgefahr durch neue Medien? [Werther and Papageno effect triggered by suicide portrayals on the Internet – suicide risk via new media?]. Spectrum Psychiatrie, 3, 26-29.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2018). Wie das Internet Suizidverhalten beeinflusst [How the Internet impacts suicidal behavior]. Ärzte Krone, 24, 26-27.
Arendt F, Scherr S. (2017). Optimizing online suicide prevention: A search engine-based tailored approach. Health Communication, 32, 1403-1408.
Arendt F, Scherr S. (2017). The impact of a highly publicized celebrity suicide on suicide-related online information seeking. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 38, 207-209.
Arendt F, Scherr S, Till B, Prinzellner Y, Hines K, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2017). Suicide on TV: minimising the risk to vulnerable viewers. British Medical Journal, 358, j3876. 10.1136/bmj.j3876.
Haim M, Arendt F, Scherr S. (2017). Abyss or shelter? On the relevance of web search engines’ search results when people google for suicide. Health Communication, 32, 253-258.
Krysinska K, Westerlund M, Niederkrotenthaler T, Andriessen K, Carli V, Hadlaczky G, Till B, Wasserman D. (2017). A mapping study on the Internet and suicide. Crisis – The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 38(4), 217-226. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000444.
Till B. (2017). The impact of suicide portrayals in films on audiences: A qualitative study. In T. Niederkrotenthaler & S. Stack (Eds.), Media & suicide: International perspectives on research, theory, & policy (pp. 171-181). Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Books.
Till B, Tran US, Voracek M, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2017). Beneficial and harmful effects of educative suicide prevention websites: randomised controlled trial exploring Papageno _v_. Werther effects. British Journal of Psychiatry, 211(2), 109-115." 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.177394.
Arendt F, Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2016). Effects of suicide awareness material on implicit suicide cognition: A laboratory experiment. Health Communication, 31(6), 718-726. 10.1080/10410236.2014.993495.
Chen YY, Tsai CW, Biddle L, Niederkrotenthaler T, Wu KCC, Gunnell D. (2016). Newspaper reporting and the emergence of charcoal burning suicide in Taiwan: A mixed methods approach. Journal of Affective Disorders, 193, 355–361. 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.041.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Gould M, Sonneck G, Stack S, Till B. (2016). Predictors of psychological improvement on non-professional suicide message boards: Content analysis. Psychological Medicine, 46(16), 3429-3442. 10.1017/S003329171600221X.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2016). Die Rolle der Online-Medien für die Suizidprävention [The role of online media in suicide prevention]. In SUPRA (Ed.), Suizid und Suizidprävention in Österreich: Bericht 2015 (pp. 21-28). Vienna: Federal Ministry of Health.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2016). Die Rollen der Medien im Rahmen von SUPRA (Suizidprävention Austria) [The role of the media in the frame of SUPRA (Suicide Prevention Austria)]. Suizidprophylaxe, 43(2), 60-65.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2016). Medienberichte können wichtigen Beitrag leisten [Media reports can render an important contribution]. Ärzte Woche, 1-2, 12. (Letter).
Niederkrotenthaler T, Tran US, Till B. (2016). Werther vs. Papageno effect online: Randomized controlled trial of the impact of educative suicide prevention websites on suicide risk factors. European Journal of Public Health, 26(suppl. 1), 241. (abstract). 10.1093/eurpub/ckw171.007.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2016). Das Internet als gesellschaftlicher Raum, in dem Gesundheit thematisiert wird: Beispiel Suizidalität und Suizidprävention [The Internet as social space where health is discussed: The example of suicidality and suicide prevention]. In K. Wittmann & R. Schoberberger (Eds.), Der Mensch in Umwelt, Familie und Gesellschaft (pp.. 236-240). Vienna: Facultas.
Till B, Tran US, Voracek M, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2016). Music and suicidality: A study on associations between music preferences and risk factors of suicide. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 72(4), 340-356. 10.1177/0030222815575284.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Arendt F, Till B. (2015). Predicting intentions to read suicide awareness stories: The role of depression and characteristics of the suicidal role model. Crisis – The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 36(6), 399-406. 10.1027/0227-5910/a000344.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2015). Suizid und Medien – die Bedeutung der Medien in der Suizidprävention [Suicide and media – the role of the media in suicide prevention]. Spectrum Psychiatrie, 4, 11-13.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2015). Reply to ‘Methodological considerations in determining the effects of films with suicidal content‘. British Journal of Psychiatry, 207(6), 562-563. (letter). 10.1192/bjp.207.6.562a.
Till B, Strauss M, Sonneck G, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2015). Determining the effects of films with suicidal content: a laboratory experiment. British Journal of Psychiatry, 207(1), 72-78. 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.152827.
Eisenwort B, Till B, Hinterbuchinger B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2014). Sociable, mentally disturbed women and angry, rejected men: Cultural scripts for the suicidal behavior of women and men in the Austrian print media. Sex Roles, 71(5), 246-260. 10.1007/s11199-014-0395-3.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Reidenberg D, Till B, Gould M. (2014). Increasing help-seeking and referrals for individuals at risk for suicide by decreasing stigma: The role of mass media. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(3), 235-243. 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.06.010.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2014). Positive und negative Aspekte des Internets für die Suizidprävention [Positive and negative aspects of the Internet for suicide prevention]. Suizidprophylaxe, 41(3), 96-106.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2014). Surfing for suicide methods and help: Content analysis of websites retrieved with search engines in Austria and in the United States. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 75(8), 886-892. 10.4088/JCP.13m08861.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2014). Vom Werther- zum Papageno-Effekt. Die Rollen von Medien in der Suizidprävention [From Werther to Papageno effect. The role of the media in suicide prevention]. JATROS – Neurologie & Psychiatrie, 6, 27-30.
Till B, Tran US, Voracek M, Sonneck G, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2014). Associations between film preferences and risk factors for suicide: An online survey. PLOS ONE, 9(7), e102293. 10.1371/journal.pone.0102293.
Till B, Herberth A, Sonneck G, Vitouch P, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2013). Who identifies with suicidal film characters? Determinants of identification with suicidal protagonists of drama films. Psychiatria Danubina, 25(2), 158-162.
Till B, Herberth A, Voracek M, Sonneck G, Vitouch P, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2013). Die Wirkung von Filmen mit Suiziddarstellungen auf die emotionale Befindlichkeit der Zuschauer und der Einfluss von Rezeptionsmodalitäten und Coping-Strategien [The impact of suicide portrayals in films on viewers‘ emotional well-being and the mediating effects of emotional modes of reception and coping strategies]. Suizidprophylaxe, 40(3), 107-117.
Till B, Vitouch P, Herberth A, Sonneck G, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2013). Personal suicidality in the reception of and identification with suicidal film characters. Death Studies, 37(4), 383-392. 10.1080/07481187.2012.673531.
Till B, Voracek M, Herberth A, Strauss M, Etzersdorfer E, Eisenwort B, Sonneck G, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2013). The role of interviews with health professionals in the media in suicide prevention. Archives of Suicide Research, 17(1), 88-89. (letter). 10.1080/13811118.2013.748419.
Eisenwort B, Hermann A, Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T. (2012). Darstellung von Suizidalität in deutschsprachigen Jugendmedien in Österreich und ihr Einfluss auf die Suizidprävalenz [Suicide reporting in German print and online media for adolescents in Austria and possible effects on suicide prevalence]. Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 40(4), 251-261. 10.1024/1422-4917/a000178.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Fu K, Yip PSF, Fong DYT, Stack S, Cheng Q, Pirkis J. (2012). Changes in suicide rates following media reports on celebrity suicide: a meta-analysis. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(11), 1037–1042. 10.1136/jech-2011-200707.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B. (2011). Role of media reports in completed and prevented suicide: Papageno vs. Werther effects. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 25(9), 71. (abstract).
Till B. (2011). Role of personal suicidality in the reception of and identification with suicidal film characters: A laboratory experiment. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 25(9), 56. (abstract).
Niederkrotenthaler T, Voracek M, Herberth A, Till B, Strauss M, Etzersdorfer E, Eisenwort B, Sonneck G. (2010). Role of media reports in completed and prevented suicide: Werther v. Papageno effects. British Journal of Psychiatry, 197(3), 234-243. 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.074633.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Voracek M, Herberth A, Till B, Strauss M, Etzersdorfer E, Eisenwort B, Sonneck G. (2010). Papageno v Werther effect. British Medical Journal, 341, 5841. (letter). 10.1136/bmj.c5841.
Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T, Herberth A, Vitouch P, Sonneck G. (2010). Suicide in films: The impact of suicide portrayals on non-suicidal viewers’ well-being and the effectiveness of censorship. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 40(4), 319-327. 10.1521/suli.2010.40.4.319.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B, Herberth A, Voracek M, Kapusta ND, Etzersdorfer E, Strauss M, Sonneck G. (2009). The gap between suicide characteristics in the print media and in the population. European Journal of Public Health, 19(4), 361-364. 10.1093/eurpub/ckp034.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B, Kapusta ND, Voracek M, Dervic K, Sonneck G. (2009). Copycat effects after media reports on suicide: A population-based ecologic study. Social Science & Medicine, 69(7), 1085-1090. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.07.041.
Herberth A, Niederkrotenthaler T, Till B, [Eds]. (2008). Suizidalität in den Medien / Suicidality in the media: Interdisziplinäre Betrachtungen / Interdisciplinary contributions. Münster: LIT.
Till B, Vitouch P. (2008). On the impact of suicide portrayal in films: Preliminary results. In A. Herberth, T. Niederkotenthaler & B. Till (Eds.), Suizidalität in den Medien / Suicidality in the media: Interdisziplinäre Betrachtungen / Interdisciplinary contributions (pp. 69-77). Münster, Germany: LIT.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Herberth A, Sonneck G. (2007). [The “Werther-effect”: legend or reality?]. Neuropsychiatrie : Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation : Organ der Gesellschaft Osterreichischer Nervenarzte und Psychiater, 21(4), 284–290.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Sonneck G. (2007). Assessing the impact of media guidelines for reporting on suicides in Austria: interrupted time series analysis. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 41(5), 419–428. 10.1080/00048670701266680.
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